ERG THEORY CLAYTON ALDERFER PDF

It is concerned with basic human survival needs. It includes human desires to satisfy interpersonal and social relationships. It is concerned with the desire to make growth and personal development. The group is concerned with basic physical needs and security needs, without which human body will fail to function properly, and ultimately break down.

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His rework is called as ERG theory of motivation. Growth needs- These include need for self-development and personal growth and advancement. The significance of the three classes of needs may vary for each individual.

ERG Theory also shows that if the fulfillment of a higher-level need is subdued, there is an increase in desire for satisfying a lower-level need. According to Maslow, an individual remains at a particular need level until that need is satisfied. While according to ERG theory, if a higher- level need aggravates, an individual may revert to increase the satisfaction of a lower- level need.

This is called frustration- regression aspect of ERG theory. For instance- when growth need aggravates, then an individual might be motivated to accomplish the relatedness need and if there are issues in accomplishing relatedness needs, then he might be motivated by the existence needs. According to Alderfer, an individual can work on growth needs even if his existence or relatedness needs remain unsatisfied.

Implications of the ERG Theory Managers must understand that an employee has various needs that must be satisfied at the same time. According to the ERG theory, if the manager concentrates solely on one need at a time, this will not effectively motivate the employee. Also, the frustration- regression aspect of ERG Theory has an added effect on workplace motivation. For instance- if an employee is not provided with growth and advancement opportunities in an organization, he might revert to the relatedness need such as socializing needs and to meet those socializing needs, if the environment or circumstances do not permit, he might revert to the need for money to fulfill those socializing needs.

The sooner the manager realizes and discovers this, the more immediate steps they will take to fulfill those needs which are frustrated until such time that the employee can again pursue growth.

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ERG Theory of Motivation

With Maslow, satisfaction-progression plays an important part. Individuals move up the need hierarchy as a result of satisfying lower order needs. Frustration-regression If a higher level need remains unfulfilled, a person may regress to lower level needs that appear easier to satisfy. Frustration-regression suggests that an already satisfied need can become active when a higher need cannot be satisfied. Satisfaction-strengthening Iteratively strengthening a current level of satisfied needs.

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ERG motivation theory Alderfer | Employee motivation theories | YourCoach Gent

Generally, the propositions were tested with various samples that included managers, non-managers, students and professionals. Even though the research provided mixed results, most of the proposition still yielded enough support to maintain their viability. In cases where the research provided inconsistent results, Alderfer identified the factors that could explain the discrepancies, resulting in a revision of proposition 2, 4, 6 and 7. Thus the final basic propositions are as follow [2] : The less existence needs are satisfied, the more they will be desired. When both existence and relatedness needs are relatively dissatisfied, then the less relatedness needs are satisfied, the more existence needs will be desired. The more existence needs are satisfied, the more relatedness needs will be. When relatedness needs are relatively dissatisfied, then the less relatedness needs are satisfied, the more they will be desired; when relatedness needs are relatively satisfied, then the more relatedness needs are satisfied, the more they will be desired.

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ERG theory

His rework is called as ERG theory of motivation. Growth needs- These include need for self-development and personal growth and advancement. The significance of the three classes of needs may vary for each individual. ERG Theory also shows that if the fulfillment of a higher-level need is subdued, there is an increase in desire for satisfying a lower-level need. According to Maslow, an individual remains at a particular need level until that need is satisfied.

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ERG Theory

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