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Jamkhande Find articles by Prasad G. Jamkhande Sonal R. Barde Find articles by Sonal R. Barde Shailesh L. Patwekar Find articles by Shailesh L. Patwekar Priti S. Tidke Find articles by Priti S. Tidke Reviewed by Prof. Sachin S. Kushare Assistant Professor, R.
Sapkal College of Pharmacy, Nashik. Prasad G. All rights reserved. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Among them, Cordia dichotoma Forst. Plant parts such as leaves, fruit, bark and seed have been reported for possessing antidiabetic, antiulcer, anti-inflammatory, immune-modulator and analgesic activity.
Screening of fruit, leaves and seed shows the presence of pyrrolizidine alkaloids, coumarins, flavonoids, saponins, terpenes and sterols. Present review focuses on details of geographical distribution, physicochemical parameters, phytoconstituents and pharmacological properties of Cordia dichotoma reported so far.
Introduction Plant derived medicines are considered to be first line of defense in maintaining health and combating diseases and even today plant source is principal source of new drug of therapeutic property .
Approximately 72 plant species were estimated for having medicinal properties of which, India recognizes more than 3 plant species having medicinal values .
Foremost indigenous systems listed medicinal plants such as Siddha , Ayurveda and Amchi , Unani , allopathy which 30 plant species for ailments . Cordia dichotoma C. The fruit has been reported to be rich in polysaccharide. Ripe fruit of C. Unani system of drug medicine uses plant as antibacterial, antiviral and antitussive.
Joshandah, polyherbal formulations, are extensively used by the masses in India for the treatment of common cold, catarrh, cough, respiratory distress, fevers of which C. From the ancient time, leaves and stem bark are used in the treatment of dyspepsia, fever, diarrhea, leprosy, gonorrhoea and burning sensation.
Leaf of plant traditionally shows the therapeutic uses and actions such as anthelmintic, astringent, diuretic, demulcent, purgative, expectorant, tonic, ulcer and cough  — . Geographical distribution C. It grows in the sub-Himalayan tract and outer ranges, ascending up to about 1 m elevation.
It is found in divers of forests ranging from the dry deciduous forests of Rajasthan to the moist deciduous forests of Western Ghats in India and tidal forests in Myanmar. In Maharashtra, it grows in moist monsoon forest . It does not grow gregariously, but is found growing singly in moist shady ravines and valleys . The species is widespread in the Philippines and found in thickets and secondary forests at low and medium altitudes. The species is propagated by seeds .
Table 1 Scientific classification, vernacular names and local names of the C. Scientific classification.
Folkloric - The bark is moistened an applied to boils and tumors to hasten ripening. In large quantities, used as a laxative. Leaves used for treatment of asthma. In Burma, the leaves substitute for cigar wrappers. Screening showed the ethanol extract and aqueous fraction of C.
Lasora (Cordia dichotoma) Medicinal Used And Health Benefits
Leaves are simple, entire and slightly toothed, elliptical-lanceshaped to broad ovate with a round and heart-shaped base. The stem bark is grayish brown smooth or longitudinally wrinkled. Flowers are short stalked, bisexual and white to pinkish in colour and appear in loose corymbose cymes. Flowers are dimorphic, stalkless. Calyx is bell-shaped, mm, 5-lobed; sepals unequal, triangular. Flowers are about as long as calyx; petals shorter than tube, margin somewhat wavy.